Super Proteins Secreted Within The Body
The commoners are not aware of the importance of transforming growth factor beta within
the human body. In the simplest words, it is a form of protein that is secreted within our
body. It regulates the cellular division as well as the cell differentiation processes. Latest
breakthroughs in the medical industry have found that tgf beta plays a considerable role in
causing and eradicating serious health ailments such as cancer and AIDS. Researchers like
to consider this protein as a super-hormone that has several functions associated to it. The
same product is extensively used in chemotherapy for controlling the growth of cancerous
cells. Normally, the cells within the body will have to divide in a slow and controlled
manner. At times, due to help from external sources, the cell division process becomes
uncontrollable. This is something that can lead to cancer at the later stages.
Cell Division And Differentiation With TGF Beta
Countless cells within our body are always dying – these cells are usually replaced by newer
cells which come with more vitality and vigor. It appears that such information is decoded
into our genetic makeup. The genes control every single aspect within our body and nothing
has been left for chance. These are some of the recent findings of certain established bodies
in the industry. The primary function of transforming growth factor beta is to promote
apoptosis. This is a medical term that is used to denote the earlier mentioned regeneration
of the cells. Let us consider the advanced functions of the same protein. We have already
looked into how tgf beta helps the cancer patients. It can prevent the widespread growth
of the malignant cells. Some of the recent studies indicate that there is a relationship in
between heart diseases such as cholesterol and the actions of tgf beta.
Bones, Cartilage And TGF Beta
Deficiency in the production of transforming growth factor beta proteins can lead to issues
with the formation of bones and cartilage. They have the ability to control the rate of growth
of the bodily structures right at the cellular level. The abnormally low production of this
form of growth factor beta proteins will shunt the operation of the central nervous system.
The elasticity of the heart muscles also gets affected and it can lead to the improper
pumping of the blood to various parts of the body. It has been found that the earliest onset
of these proteins occur right when the fetus is at its embryonic stage. Mutation of the
protein will affect its normal functioning and can lead to additional complications with the
passage of time.
Corrective Drugs That Help In The Synthesis Of TGF Beta
Most of the drugs that have been used extensively to treat the deficiency of transforming
growth factor beta are approved by the FDA within the US. The affected ones now have
access to various corrective surgical procedures that could also help them to tide through
their situation. However, when we consider the long term health benefits, it is better to take
health supplements that boost the production of transforming growth factor beta naturally.
People who suffer from various kinds of fractures will find this enzyme to be highly helpful.
They can help in the easy correction of such scenarios because of their contribution to
bone development. Certain complex cell signaling systems also utilize the beta protein in
adequate amounts to convey the correct set of information to the cells located in diverse
parts of the body. The transforming growth factor beta is called a superfamily because of its
numerous derivatives such as bone morphogenetic protein, activin A and cytokines. Among
these the cytokines have an important role in boosting the immunity levels of the body.
Deficiency of cytokines is seen of people who suffer from AIDS.
What Is Cell Biology?
Advancements in the medical industry have enabled us to look more closely into the niche.
Cell biology is a diverse domain that is gaining more prominence with the passage of time.
It is important to consider that the field of study of cellular structures is actually quite
new when we compare it to the other forms of medical advancements that we have made
throughout the years. Most of the living organisms are made up of cells. These cells have
distinct functions and usually work in unison. Millions of cells located within the human body
constantly undergo repair and rejuvenation throughout our lives. The fact of the matter is,
we are least bothered about such aspects unless and until some serious ailment affecting
the cells occur (such as cancer).
The Origins Of The Study Of Cell Biology
In the sections that follow, we will look more closely into the origin of interest in cell biology
and how it has outgrown itself. The initial foundation for such studies was laid back in
1930s. The discovery of the microscope long before that period and the overall enthusiasm
levels among the researchers helped in the augment progression of this industry.
Biochemistry is a kind of cell biology study. The study of molecules that are present within
cellular structures is termed as molecular cell biology. Biochemistry and the molecular cell
biology are distinct branches in the medical field. Advancements in the electron microscope
helped the researchers to gain additional insight into these structures. It is to be borne in
mind that the same period witnessed the proliferation of x-ray crystallography techniques
too. The functions of various cells across the human body vary considerably.
How Does Communication Happen In Between Cells?
Have you ever wondered how the cells interacted with each other? There must be some
form of communications that happen all the time (in the background) and this system
should help the cells to work in unison. We have already looked into cell signaling – a
process which is now considered as the most opted form of information transfer in between
cellular structures. Every cell has a unique function associated with it. At the same time,
it must yield to or instruct cells located at diverse parts of the body with messages. Once
you start looking into the industry more closely, you will find it very interesting as well as
enlightening. The genes are pre-coded with the instructions on how the cells must act at
any given of their lifetime. Adding to the entire mystery is the fact that scientists are still
studying the genetic makeup of humans!
The Ever-Expanding Niche Of Biotechnology
Biotechnology is gaining widespread attention during these times. It has helped us to
conduct research into various ailments that affect the human body in the cellular level.
Newer medications that were far more effective than the previous ones were developed as
a direct result of these advancements. The researchers spend a lot of time by isolating the
cells and studying their individual actions. It is possible to manipulate these structures using
external agents. An example that is most suited for this discussion is cloning. Scientists
have been successful in isolating the genes and testing them in cultures. Cloning can act as
a dual edges sword if it is put to bad practices. This explains why the authorities will allow
such procedures to be conducted within the confines of established bodies. The human body
comprises of many mysteries and decoding them one by one seems to be the top priority
of some of the research companies. With the passage of time, we ought to see various
explanations about the basis of life. Taking up a career in the cell biology industry can be
quite a rewarding experience.
How Are Cancer Cells Different?
The body is composed of numerous cells that have a definite and distinct purpose. All the
cells within the body are known to act in a harmonious manner. However, at times, the
synchronous nature of the cellular structures becomes upset. In the sections that follow, we
will look more closely into cancer cells and their effects within the human body. As a rule of
thumb, the cells are always being replaced and restored throughout our lives. Due to certain
unknown triggering agents, the cellular activities that occur within the cells get disrupted.
Their growth becomes uncontrolled and in due course of time, they start destroying the
nearby cells. This condition is otherwise termed as cancer and the cells that cause the
ailments are known as cancerous cells. These days, we will hear a lot about these cells
because of the rising numbers of people who succumb to this condition.
The Effects Of Cancer Cells
The researchers are still looking into the effects of cancer cells. It has been found that
the body actually promotes the growth of cancer cells instead of destroying them in a
timely manner. This has been an enigma because the body is preprogrammed to weed out
the pathogens using antibodies. Antibodies usually mark the invasive cells and then the
defensive cells will come to destroy them. This is how the system is supposed to function.
However, we do not see any kind of activities such as these during the onset of cancer. It
has been found that the body losses its ability to differentiate in between the cancer cells
and the normal cells. Unless a distinction in between the two occurs, the body will in fact
promote the growth of these detrimental cells. This explains why cancer cells spread out
fast all across the body.
Are All Forms Of Cancer Fatal?
The collection of cancer cells are sometimes termed as tumors. It is important to
understand that not all kinds of cancer cells have detrimental health effects. In other words,
there are good cancer cells as well as the bad ones. Almost all forms of cancer are treatable
if the affected ones seek early medical help. During the initial few weeks, the cancerous
cells will try to stay localized. It is very difficult to control the proliferation of these cells
which is bound to occur with the passage of time. Sometimes, cancer can recur in patients
who had sought for such preventive measures. There are self-limiting forms of cancer which
are easy to treat. They have a lesser probability to resurfacing after an effective treatment
procedure. Some of the researchers consider than the formation of cancer cells is pre-
programmed into our genetic makeup.
The Possible Ways To Eradicate The Cancer Cells
There is no direct evidence for the testimony mentioned earlier (that cancer is programmed
into our genes). In fact physicians are still looking for clues that could help them find
out the origins of malignant cancerous cells. Chemotherapy is the most common form of
treatment that is prescribed to the cancer patients. These are external agents that when
injected into the body can find the cancerous cells and terminate them. It is not possible to
predict the recovery rate associated with chemotherapy. There are various other alternative
treatment options that are available to someone who is affected with cancer. Once again,
the recovery rates are very slim because of the fast spreading of these malicious agents.
It is chilling to understand that small traces of the malignant cells can start eating into the
body. Subjecting the affected areas to radiation so as to destroy the remnants of cancer
cells has been found to be somewhat effective. Please support cancer research through
monetary donations so that more lives can be saved in the distant future.
What Are Antibodies?
Every human being is blessed with an immunity system. The primary function of this system
is to protect the body from harmful pathogens. Weakness of the same immunity system can
lead to the occurrence of various ailments. For the time being, let us focus on antibodies.
These are proteins secreted by the immunity system. They have a great role because they
detect and eliminate pathogens within the body. Antibodies are composed of substances
termed as plasma. This plasma is in turn a derivative of the white blood cells. It is common
knowledge that white blood cells can destroy harmful agents in the body. Not many people
know that there are five different kinds of antibodies. These are known to interact directly
with the harmful pathogens. In the sections that follow, we will look more closely into
the working of antibodies. Deficiency in the antibody levels can lead to various health
How Does Antibodies Find Pathogens?
Since the last couple of centuries, physicians have been studying the function of antibodies.
The complicated cell signaling activities which make these structures to ‘tag’ the pathogens
is curious. Instead of acting directly on the pathogens, they ‘mark’ the detrimental factors.
The human body will then take care of these agents on its own. This is a brief insight about
the working of antibodies. When we talk about antibodies, we need to consider antigens too.
The defensive cells find it easier to find and destroy the antigens. Studies indicate the body
is programmed to act fast when pathogens try to take over. The antibodies get distributed
to various parts of the body through the blood stream. There are specific cells termed as
killer T cells which are known to destroy the actual antigens tagged by the antibodies.
Contrary to the popular belief systems, we are always surrounded by a large set of harmful
elements which are always trying their best to get into our bodies and wreak havoc.
What Are The Consequences Of Having Low Antibodies?
For the sake of illustration, we will consider a typical case which explains the effectiveness
of the immunity system. By now, you may know that a lot of people are falling prey to the
HIV. Have you ever tried to find out the exact action of these viruses once they enter our
system? These viruses are preprogrammed to eliminate our immunity system along with the
antibodies. In other words, it weakens the actively working immunity system and thus helps
in exposing the body to all those harmful pathogens that exist in our surroundings. An AIDS
patient usually dies because of multiple types of infections. If we study the functioning of
the antibodies in detail, it turns out to be a very fascinating subject. There are certain cells
known as the B cells, which help in the early detection of the antigens that are located in
the body. The same set of cells is also well-known because they have the ability to create
large amounts of defensive cells – which can act on the antigens in a collective manner.
Can Excessive Antibodies Cause Cancer?
Many people think that antibodies can only act indirectly within the body. However, studies
indicate that at times, the antibodies try to take matters into their own hands. Instead of
issuing signals and tagging the pathogens so that other defensive cells can destroy them,
the antibodies act direct on the invasive substances. They are well-known for neutralizing
the threats even before they become highly active within the human body. At times, the
antibodies will lose its capability to differentiate in between the healthy body cells and the
pathogens. It will start attacking the normal body cells in an abnormal manner. This is a
dangerous situation is usually considered as a symptom of certain forms of cancer.
An Insight Into Cell Signaling activity
The human body is composed of numerous cells that have diverse functionalities associated
with it. All these cells have to function in a controlled and coordinated manner. Only then
the bodily functions will occur in a seamless manner. Have you ever considered how or
what enables the cells to communicate with each other? There must be some form of a
mechanism which will take care of such routines. Scientists now claim that the bodily cells
regularly do what is termed as cell signaling. In the sections that follow, we will consider
this niche in much detail. This is an important biological process that requires precise insight
and explanation. The latest set of studies conducted into the domain shows that incorrect
signaling of information in between the cellular structures can even lead to high mortality
levels among the infants. There are specific proteins that are secreted by the human body
and these help in the accurate transfer of information.
The Broad Classification Of Cell Signaling
Cell signaling processes can be broadly classified into two. They are (a) the communications
that take place in between two nearby cells and (b) the signaling processes that occur
within a cell itself. Studies indicate the cells that lie at distinct parts of the body also try to
communicate with each other. The most commonly utilized medium is the blood. Proteins
are released directly into the blood stream. Since the blood flows through all the living
cells, it is very effective in conveying the correct set of data among cells. The human body
is also capable of releasing specific agents that help in the uninterrupted communications
in between cellular structures. The effects of the hormones are a perfect example cited by
many physicians for cell signaling. Various organs produce distinctive hormones that are
conveyed to the other parts of the body through the blood. Imagine the detrimental effects
that are in store if this communication system does not work!
Using The Latest Technology To Study Cell Signaling
The study of cell signaling procedures is still an enigma for the researchers. They are trying
their best to study these effects within the human body – thanks to the technological
developments that have taken place during the last few years. A common query that can
arise in the mind of any sane person is the following – how do the cells differentiate the
various cell signaling procedures? If you pay some attention, it can be seen that overlapping
of the signaling processes can take place. There is a specific cause and an equally opposite
effect. That is how the system is designed to work out. In order to explain the intricacies
associated with the niche, researchers now use the term ‘pathways’ to denote various kinds
of signaling activities that take place within the cells. In other words, it is touted that the
cells create a network to communicate effectively with each other.
Do Drugs Contain Cell Signal Enhancing Agents?
It does not take a genius to understand that the cell signaling process must take place in an
uninterrupted manner. It must also be fast and efficient in conveying the information. Any
delay in this process can affect the subsequent bodily functions that are scheduled to occur.
As we age, the effectivity of these signaling activities tends to subside. And this explains
why the aged ones suffer from various neural disabilities. Some of the performance-
enhancing drugs that are commonly used by the athletes contain agents which could
boost the cell signaling activities by many times. It is said that the genetic makeup of an
individual will determine the average response time of the signaling processes. After all,
anything and everything that takes place within the human body is coded carefully within